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Notes for climate change lecture

  1. Based on a car roof having 2 m2 surface area, constant average insolation of 250 W/m2, and 15% photovoltaic efficiency, vs. 15 gallons of gasoline at 125,000 Btu/gal.
  2. Hawken, Paul. The Ecology of Commerce: A Declaration of Sustainability. Harper Business Paperback, 1994, p. 21.
  3. Davidson, Eric. A, Susan E. Trumbore, Ronald Amundson. "Soil warming and organic carbon content." Nature, Vol. 408, 14 December 2000, pp. 789-790.
  4. Leggett, Jeremy. "Global Warming: The Worst Case." Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Vol. 85, June 1992, pp. 28-32.
  5. Greenpeace International, "Many Scientists Believe Runaway Greenhouse Possible." American Association for the Advancement of Science 1992, as documented in the Greenpeace Climate Impacts Database.
  6. The current status of signatories to the Kyoto protocol is published on the website of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. Full text of the Framework Convention and the Kyoto Protocol itself can also be found on this website.
  7. DOE Energy Information Administration, Annual Energy Outlook 2001. DOE/EIA-0383(2001) December 2000, Table A2.
  8. Senate Resolution 98, 105th Congress, First Session.
  9. Code of Massachusetts Regulations, 310 CMR 7.29 "Emissions Standards for Power Plants."
  10. Oregon House Bill 3283, 1997.
  11. City of Seattle Resolution 30144, 2000.
  12. http://www.bp.com/corp_reporting/hse_perform/env/climate_change/index.asp

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Sources for figures in climate change lecture

CO2 concentration, years 1000 to 2000:

Years 1000 to 1975: D.M. Etheridge, et al 1998. "Historical CO2 records from the Law Dome DE08, DE08-2, and DSS ice cores." In Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A.

Years 1980 to 1999: Keeling, C.D. and T.P. Whorf. 2000. "Atmospheric CO2 records from sites in the SIO air sampling network." In Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global Change. Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A.

Temperature, years 1000 to 2000: Crowley, Thomas J. "Causes of Climate Change over the Past 1000 Years". Science 289, July 14, 2000, pp. 270-277.

CO2 and temperature, years 420,000 BP to present: Various sources, as assembled by Karl Davies.

World's 10 worst countries: Marland, G., T. A. Boden & R. J. Andres 2000. "Global, Regional, and National Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions." In Trends: A Compendium of Data on Global
Change.
Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Oak Ridge, Tenn., U.S.A.

World's 10 largest countries: Ibid.

Stabilization of atmospheric CO2 concentration: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 1995. IPCC Second Assessment - Climate Change 1995. p. 10, figure 1(b).

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Last Modified on June 9, 2001.

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